Early 1970's FIA Diecast

1972 Rule Changes

In the greatest case of commercial suicide ever performed by a sanctioning body, the CSI imposed a 3-litre limit on prototypes for the 1972 season. This engine limit eliminated the Porsche 917's from the championship. The incedibly popular closed-cockpit "sportscars" class was wiped out. So all of the Lola T-70's, Ferrari 512's and GT40's were now museum pieces.

This horrible change was in line with the times, and its interesting to draw a parallel between popular culture and the state of sports cars. In 1972, everything that was cool only a few years ago seemed to be falling apart. The Beatles had broken up due to petty personality conflicts. The Rolling Stones had recorded the watershed Exile on Main Street in 1971, but in 1972 made their worst-ever album Goat's Head Soup. The drugs caught up to everyone, and Jim Morrison, Janis Joplin, and Jimi Hendrix overdosed. It's kind of like that one scene in Austin Powers where he talks about how all of his swinging ways were no more. Similarly, there is a crucial part of Hunter S. Thompson's book Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas where he sits and laments the how the wonderful positive vibe that the sixties had promised degenerated into a grubby squalor.

The ugly, boxy, boring, and redundant 3-litre "prototypes" were to be the main show. This 3-litre formula made the prototypes essentially F1 cars with fenders. The suspensions, gearboxes and brakes were used as-is, and the engines were typically detuned to be more reliable.

The name of the series was changed to the World Championship for Makes. The 3-litre prototypes now carried the designation 'B5'. This title referred to FIA Class B, Group 5. Now this is confusing because previous to 1972 these 3-litre cars were called Group 6, and were also went by that name again in 1976. So for the four year period from 1972-1975, open prototypes were Group 5.

Production cars were in Class 'A' and were subdivided by engine size. The traditional races such as LeMans, Daytona, and Sebring remained as part of this schedule.

This engine limit eliminated the Porsche 917's from the championship, and they went on to race in Group 7 Interserie races. These were similar to American Can-Am spec cars and were not eligable for Le Mans. The races were daytime sprints rather than endurance contests, and all cars belonged to the same class. Interserie took away much of the world-class prototype talent from the traditional world championship. For example, Joest, Martini, and a young Sauber team all raced in Interserie. ...More about the Group 7 and Interserie

Ferrari 312 PB Works Team

While Ferrari was battling the Porsche 917 with its 512S, it was actually trying to get a jump on the next era of racing. They switched their development toward the 312PB and let privateers run the 512M in 1971. The 312 PB was a decent car out-of-the-box and did well against the other cars even with its smaller engine.

This era also marked the final factory participation for Ferrari in Sportscars. Their F1 drivers Jacky Ickx and Clay Reggazoni formed the backbone of the endurance program, and along with Brian Redman they did every round of the sportcar series. Ferrari were unsure that the F1-based engine in their 312 PB would last long distances, so Enzo flexed his political muscles and had the Daytona 24 Hours reduced to six. This also meant they did not go to Le Mans, which the French MATRA team won with it's missle-like car. Even though they won every other race, it proved that the value of Le Mans as a win was greater than the enitre rest of the schedule. The 312 PB is barely remembered, but the blue Matra is an icon.

As seen from the images the bodywork of the 312PB was modified frequently to match the race and weather conditions. Also, the factory did not sell the used cars to privateers when they were finished using them.

World Championship for Makes 1972

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Buenos Aires 1000 Kilometres
4Alfa Romeo 33.3
Vic Elford
Helmut Marko
2
S 3.0
M4
7111
Daytona 6 Hours
1Ferrari 312 PB
Jacky Ickx
Mario Andretti
2
S 3.0
Red Line
RL124
Brumm
R260
2Ferrari 312 PB
Tim Schenken
Ronnie Peterson
6
S 3.0
Red Line
RL125
4Ferrari 312 PB4
S 3.0
Red Line
RL126
5Alfa Romeo 33.3
Nanni Galli
Andrea de Adamich
9
S 3.0
M4
7120
DNFFord Escort RS 1600
John Buffum
John Fitzpatrick
25
T 2.5
Trofeu
535
Brands Hatch
2Ferrari 312 PB
Tim Schenken
Ronnie Peterson
10
S 3.0
Brumm
R445
DNFPorsche 908/3
Reinhold Joest
Mario Casoni
1
S 3.0
Best
9391
Monza
1Ferrari 312 PB
Jacky Ickx
Clay Regazzoni
1
S 3.0
Brumm
R261
Brumm
R261CH
Targa Florio
1Ferrari 312 PB
Arturo Merzario
Sandro Munari
3
S 3.0
Brumm
R261B
2Alfa Romeo 33 TT 3
Nanni Galli
Helmut Marko
5
S 3.0
Fabbri
(Alfa Romeo Racing)
Issue #?
DNFAlfa Romeo GTJ
Giovanni Rizzo
Settimino Balistreri
81
GT 1.6
Progetto K
PK 2005
TestOpel GT
Giorgio Pianta
Giorgio Schön
201
GT 2.0
Neo
43585
Nürburgring
19Opel GT 1900
Werner Christmann
Jean Ragnotti
(Class winner)
77
GT 2.0
Neo
43588
DNFPorsche 914/6 GT
'Jagermeister'
Eckhard Schimpf
Nicolas Koob
78
GT 2.0
Detail Cars
ART. 346
Watkins Glen
4Porsche 908/2
'Esso'
Tony Dean
Bobby Brown
68
S 3.0
Best
9065
5Porsche 908/3
Reinhold Joest
Mario Casoni
42
S 3.0
Best
9403
TestFerrari Dino 246 GT
Harley Cluxton
Rocky Moran
N.A.R.T.
24
GT 2.5
Bang
7216

Non-Championship Races 1972

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

500km Imola (Non-Championship)
16Porsche 908/3
Reinhold Joest
6
Best
9057
1000km Paris (Non-Championship)
1Lola T280 Ford
Gérard Larrousse
1
Gr. 7
Spark
(France Special Edition)
SF033

European GT Championship

This GT series started in 1972, and was essentially dominated by Porsche. However, there were some excellent cars and events. The Tour de France Auto was a multiple-day "tarmac rally" in which cars ran in "time attack" special stages. The 1973 version was won by the newly-introduced Lancia Stratos.

European GT Championship 1972

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

1Porsche 911 S
John Fitzpatrick
1
Spark
S0992
Tour de France Auto
1Ferrari 365 GTB/4 ('Daytona')
'Thompson'
Jean-Claude Andruet
"Biche"
118
GT+2.0
Solido
('10 Series')
16
3Ford Capri RS 2600
'BP'
Jean Vinatier
Pierre Thimonier
64
Gr.2 3.0
Trofeu
2310
DNFFord Capri RS 2600
Gérard Larrousse
Johnny Rives
65
Gr.2 3.0
Trofeu
2314
DNFAlpine A11097Eligor

1973

In 1973, further evidence of the decline of the 'World Championship' was seen as the classic Sebring 12 Hours was sanctioned by the up-and-coming GT-based IMSA series. It was also the final year of the Targa Florio as an all-out event. With the birth of IMSA and the popularity of Can-Am, the 3-litre "Group 6" Le Mans prototypes were becoming rare in North America.

However, this year was very competitive as Ferrari, Gulf, Matra, Martini and Brumos each won at least one of the ten rounds.

Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 2.8

Porsche had excellent success in selling its 2.7-litre 911 Carrera RS road car, and easily achieved the 500-unit minimum to allow an uprated version of car to be entered into FIA Group 4 (Grand Tourismo Sport). The 2.8 Carrera RSR followed and was one of the best off-the-shelf race cars ever built. This car is easily identified by its small "duck-bill" rear spoiler.

Porsche 911 Carrera RSR (3.0 "Prototyp")

While Porsche gave its customers the 2.8 Carerra, they campaigned a 3.0 litre "prototyp" version of the car for the Martini and Brumos teams. While they initially looked similar to the 2.8 RSR on the outside, these cars did not compete in the Group 4 GT classes. Instead, these cars were entered in the Group 5 "Sportscar" class against the Matra and Alfa prototype spyders. At Le Mans, the cars were run with a different sweeping rear wing that was a precursor of the famous "whale-tail".

World Championship for Makes 1973

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Daytona 24 Hours
1Porsche 911 Carerra RSR 'Brumos'
Peter Gregg
Hurley Haywood
59
S3.0
Minichamps
430 736959
2Ferrari 365 GTB/4 ('Daytona')
François Migault
Milt Minter
N.A.R.T.
22
GT +2.0
Top Model
('Limited Edition')
(Motorsport Inc. Miami Exclusive)
12Porsche 908/2 ('Flunder')
Rudy Bartling
Harry Bytzek
Bert Kuehne
19
S 3.0
Best
9169
DNFPorsche Carrera RSR
Mark Donohue
George Follmer
6
S3.0
Minichamps
430 736906
Solido
Gam 2
24
Vallenuga
7Porsche 911 Carerra RSR (3.0 'Prototyp') 'Martini'
George Follmer
Willy Kauhsen
9
GT
Minichamps
Porsche Dealer Martini History Set
WAP 020 SET 13
Dijon
9Porsche 911 Carerra RSR 'Martini'
Herbert Müller
Gijs van Lennep
26
GT
Minichamps
430 736926
Targa Florio
1Porsche 911 Carerra RSR 'Martini'
Herbert Müller
Gijs van Lennep
8
S3.0
Minichamps
Porsche Dealer
WAP C20 SET 05
6Porsche 911 Carerra RSR 'Martini'
Günter Steckkönig
Giulio Pucci
107
S3.0
Schuco
450371200
Spa
12Ferrari 365 GTB/4 ('Daytona')
Teddy Pilette
Richard Bond
42
GT
Top Model
('Limited Edition')
(Motorsport Inc. Miami Exclusive)
Zeltweg 1000 km
6Ferrari 312 PB
(With 'Snorkel' air intake)
2
S 3.0
Fabbri
8Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
'Martini'
('3.0 Prototyp'; Custom Bodywork by Porsche)
7
S 3.0
Spark
S3425
Watkins Glen
1Matra MS670B
Gérard Larrousse
Henri Pescarolo
33
S 3.0
Spark
SF060
6Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
Mark Donohue
George Follmer
6
S 3.0
Spark
S3426
7Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
Peter Gregg
Hurley Haywood
59
S 3.0
Spark
S3424
14Ferrari 365 GTB/4 ('Daytona')
Sam Posey
François Migault
8
GT
Top Model
TMC
DNFAlfa Romeo Montreal
Bert Everett
Teodoro Zeccoli
25
GT
M4
7083

European GT Championship 1973

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Tour de France Auto
1Lancia Stratos 'Marlboro'
Sandro Munari
Mario Manucci
111
Group 4
Solido
10 Series
27
DNFPorsche 911 Carrera RSR (2.8) 'Bosch'
Claude Ballot-Léna
108
Group 4
Solido
10 Series
24
DNFPorsche 911 Carrera RSR (2.8)
'Gallia'
Jean-Louis Lafosse
105
GTS
Universal Hobbies
1131
DNFPorsche 911 Carrera RSR (2.8) 'Gallia'
Jean-Louis Lafosse
105
Group 4
High Speed
HF9183B
DNFPorsche 911 Carrera RS (2.7)
'Le Grand Bazar'
Hervé Bayard
René Ligonnet
(Sponsored by a French TV show that was similar to 'The Monkees')
103
True Scale
TSM124358

1974

1974 was the year of long gas lines, so driving around in a circle for an entire day seemed rather silly. Sebring was cancelled (but 40,000 fans showed up to get drunk anyway). Daytona was run as a 250 mile IMSA race. Back in Europe, Matra swept the year.

Ferrari also declined to participate in the championship...

Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 3.0

Porsche had excellent success in selling its 2.7-litre 911 Carerra RS road car, and easily achieved the 1000-unit minimum to allow the car to be entered into FIA Group 3 (Grand Tourismo Serial). The 3.0 Carerra RS and RSR followed by having over 100 units built as an 'evolution' of the 2.7. This car is easily identified by its distinctive "whale tail" rear spoiler.

World Championship for Makes 1974

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Monza
1Alfa Romeo 33 TT 12
Arturo Merzario
Mario Andretti
3
S 3.0
Fabbri
('Alfa Romeo Sport' Collection)
#45
Spa
6Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 3.0
Paul Keller
Hans Heyer
41
GT
Spark
(Kremer Team Edition)
KAN025
DNFPorsche 908/3
Francisco Torredemer
Jorge Pla
12
S 3.0
Best
9461
Nürburgring
2Alfa Romeo 33TT12
Rolf Stommelen
Carlos Reutemann
3
S 3.0
Verem
(Édition Limitée)
609
6Porsche 911 Carrera RSR Turbo
'Martini'
Herbert Müller
Gijs van Lennep
(Non-Homologated; Run in the 'Sportscar' class)
8
S 3.0
Ebbro
44034
7Porsche 911 Carrera RSR Turbo
'Martini'
Manfred Schurti
Helmuth Koinigg
(Non-Homologated; Run in the 'Sportscar' class)
9
S 3.0
Ebbro
44035
12Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 3.0
'Polifac'
Jürgen Barth
John Fitzpatrick
45
GT +1.6
Minichamps
(Porsche Dealer 'RS' Set)
WAP C20 SET 05
DNFPorsche 911 Carrera RSR 3.0
'Foto Quelle'
Reinhardt Stenzel
Ove Andersson
56
GT +1.6
Universal Hobbies
3712
Imola
5Porsche 911 Carrera RSR 3.0
Hans Heyer
Paul Keller
152
GT 3.0
Minichamps
430746952
Brands Hatch
5Porsche 911 Carrera RSR Turbo
'Martini'
Herbert Müller
Gijs van Lennep
5
S 3.0
Schuco
450 890000
Aspern GP Wien (Non-Championship)
Porsche 914/6 Bohnhorst36Schuco450 370000

The European Sportscar Championship was for 2.0 Litre spiders. It was a rare example of a privateer prototype series that had good grids and competetive racing. These obscure Alpine-Renault A441 cars are the lone diecast artifacts from this era.

European Sportscar Championship 1974

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Hockenheim

1

Alpine Renault A441 ‘elf’
Alain Serpaggi

4

Solido
100 Series

20

1975

In 1975, LeMans was run as an non-championship independent event for the first time since the post-tragedy year of 1956. The rest of the year was dominated by Alfa Romeo, who was run by the Willi Kauhsen team (with special sausage sponsorship at the 'ring). In the US, the Can-Am series was cancelled after problems with one-team dominations. Daytona and Sebring were run as IMSA races, so Watkins Glen became the only prototype race in North America. Matra packed up and left auto racing alltogether, as they had climbed every mountain. They went back to making even more deadly missles for NATO nations.

World Championship for Makes 1975

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Mugello
1Renault-Alpine A441
‘elf’
Jean-Pierre Jabouille
Gérard Larrousse
5
Solido
('100 Series')
57
   Spark
S1550
Monza
1Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'WKRT'
Arturo Merzario
Jacques Laffite
2
Minichamps
403 751202
Brumm
('Revival')
R238
18Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'WKRT'
Derek Bell
Henri Pescarolo
1
Brumm
('Revival')
R239
Spa
1Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Campari'
Henri Pescarolo
Derek Bell
2
Brumm
('Revival')
R240
   Minichamps
400 751202
2Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Campari'
Jacky Ickx
Arturo Merzario
1
Brumm
('Retro')
R241
Pergusa ('Coppa Florio')
1Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Campari'
Arturo Merzario
Jochen Mass
1
Minichamps
400 751201
Nurburgring
1Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Campari'
Arturo Merzario
Jacques Laffite
1
S 3.0
Solido
('gam 2')
41
6Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Redlefsen'
Jochen Mass
Jody Scheckter
3
S 3.0
Fabbri
#53
8Porsche 911 Carerra RSR 3.0
'Jaegermeister'
Helmut Kelleners
Hans Heyer
Bob Wollek
54
GT +1.6
Universal Hobbies
3680
   Minichamps
Watkins Glen
2Alfa Romeo 33TT12
'Campari'
Arturo Merzario
Mario Andretti
3
S 3.0
TrueScale
TSM164310

DRM 1975

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Hockenheim
2BMW 2002
Jörg Obermoser
69
Div. II
Neo
45448
Norisring
DNFBMW 3.0 CSL
Hans-Joachim Stuck
30
Div. I
Minichamps
430 752930

This official description of car is from the 1975 DRM, but this may be incorrect. The only driver listed is 'Hans Hayer'. A check of all of the results databases has it most likely being from the event 1975.

Non-Championship 1975

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Nurburgring Supersprint
5Porsche Carerra RSR 'Jaegermeister'
Hans Heyer
4
Minichamps
430756904

1976 Rule Changes - (We've hit rock bottom)

With the loss of Ferrari, Matra, and Porsche from the Prototype championships, the field was looking lean. There was an effort to get a better balance amonge the teams. So beginning in 1976, the European-based World Championship for Makes split into distinct schedules for prototypes and GT cars. The thought was that the GT cars would be a back-to-basics approach for privateers. The Prototypes were a single class of 'Group 6' cars with 3-litre normally aspirated or 1.5L turbos. Porsche bravely made cars for both championships.

Group 5 was a class for highly modified "production" cars that were homologated in groups 1-4. This sihlouette formula meant that you could take a production vehicle and change all but the basic engine layout, body dimensions, and general shape. Porsche made the 930-based 935 turbo for this class, which also went on to be the privateer workhorse for the IMSA GTX class. For Le Mans, they made the 936 prototype, which dominated the year by winning at La Sarthe and 4 of 6 other championship rounds. Interestingly, old Group 7 Can-Am spec cars were allowed to run in the Mosport round. This allowed "worlds to collide" as an AVS Shadow MkII raced against an Alpine-Renault A442.

World Championship for Makes 1976 (Group 6)

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

300 km Nürburgring (Prototypes run concurrently with Group 4 cars from the European GT Championship)
1Porsche 908/3 Turbo
'Shell'
Reinhold Jöst
5
S 3.0
Spark
SG076
2Porsche 934
Toine Hezemans
51
GT +3.0
Minichamps
400 766451
4Porsche 934
'Jaegermeister'
Helmut Kelleners
54
GT +3.0
Universal Hobbies
2306
5Porsche 936
'Martini'
Rolf Stommelen
(A.K.A. The 'Black Widow')
1
S 3.0
Minichamps
400 766601
Trofeu
1902
Minichamps
(Porsche Dealer Edition)
WAP 020 005 18
11Porsche 934
Eberhard Sindel
55
GT +3.0
Minichamps
400 766455
Monza (Prototypes Only)
1Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jochen Mass
Jacky Ickx
3
S 3.0
Trofeu
1903
Imola
1Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jochen Mass
Jacky Ickx
7
S 3.0
Minichamps
400 766607
Trofeu
1906
Pergusa
1Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jochen Mass
Rolf Stommelen
4
S 3.0
Trofeu
1909
Mosport
3Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jacky Ickx
20
S 3.0
Trofeu
1908
Dijon
1Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jochen Mass
Jacky Ickx
6
S 3.0
Trofeu
1905
Salzburgring
1Porsche 936
'Martini'
Jochen Mass
3
S 3.0
Trofeu
1907

1977

In 1977, Porsche pulled out of the prototype championship and raced only at Le Mans, winning for the second year in a row with the 936. The void let Alfa Romeo cruise to victory in all eight rounds of the regular schedule. Both American rounds were for the GT classes, so the only prototype races in North America were the revised Can-Am races.

 

World Championship for Makes 1977

Place

Car
Sponsor

Car # Class

Model

Ref. #

Image

Monza
1Alfa Romeo 33SC12
'Fernet Tonic'
Vittorio Brambilla
2
Brumm
('Revival')
R282
M4
7008
DNFAlfa Romeo 33SC12
'Fernet Tonic'
Arturo Merzario
3
M4
7009
Pergusa
1Alfa Romeo 33SC12 'Fernet Tonic'
Arturo Merzario
1
Brumm
Retro
R283
Salzburgring
2Alfa Romeo 33SC12 'Fernet Tonic'
Arturo Merzario
1
FabbriN/A